Men know that you are mine by birth:
My nest,  my refuge,  and my hearth,
My mother,  native land,  dear earth!
Sever soul and body??  Death but can.
O Azerbaijan,  my Azerbaijan!
Samed Vurgun

  Window to Gazakh

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Gazakh carpets

Carpet weaving is an ancient and traditional form of art in Azerbaijan. Origins and development of Azeri carpeting with its main patterns and ornaments extended over the many centuries. The archaeological materials and written sources confirm that the carpets were woven here in as far back as to the Bronze Age (2nd millennium BC). Since that time various carpeting centers and schools have formed in Azerbaijan in accord with technological and artistic peculiarities of carpets from different regions.

Gazakh is one of the famous carpet-weaving centers in Azerbaijan. Different kinds of carpets, both pile and pile-less (zili and verni types), are widely introduced into the life of local people. Even in the first quarter of XX century, each Azeri family who lived here usually wove 4-5 rugs a year, with the size not less than 5 meters each. And according to local tradition, the brides had to weave carpets, which were the basis of their dowry.

Hans Holbein 'Ambassadors' (1533) In the Middle Ages the carpets woven in Gazakh were widely presented at the bazaars of Ganja, Barda, Baku, Tbilisi and other cities. They were relatively cheaper than the carpets from some other regions, but unequalled quality and patterns attracted the attention of  traders. Carpets of Gazakh region were very popular with foreign merchants as well. Sample Gazakh rugs displayed in various museums throughout the world present the outstanding monument of the richest heritage of the Azerbaijani folk art. For example, the specimens of fine Gazakh carpets of the XIV - XVIII centuries are in the collections of the Museum of Art in Berlin, the Metropolitan Museum in New York, the Victoria and Albert in London, the Hermitage in Saint-Petersburg, the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest and others. Many famous painters of the world used in their works an Azerbaijan carpet as a decorative element. The image of the Gazakh carpet may be seen in the tableau of the XV century Italian painter Carlo Crivelli "Happy news'", in the picture of the famous German painter of Renaissance Hans Holbein "Ambassadors" (1533) and others.

Gazakh carpets belong to the "Ganja-Gazakh" carpeting school and represent the following groups:

Gazakh carpet area which includes one of the ancient cities of Azerbaijan Gazakh, the villages surrounding it, and regions Agstafa and Tovuz. Gazakh group includes carpets with such compositions as "Gazakh", "Salahli", "Shikhli", "Kemerli", "Demirchiler", "Gaymagly", "Dagkesemen", "Oysuzlu" and pile-less carpets verni and zili.

Borchali, the territory of Georgia populated by Azerbaijanis living compactly. From the well-known rugs of this region can be noted carpets "Borchali", "Karayazi", "Kachagan", "Karachop" and "Karagoyunlu".

Geycha located in the territory of Armenia, historical place of Azerbaijanis living here till 1988. The carpet center includes Bambak, Lambali, Ijevan and areas around Geycha lake (today's Sevan).

The Gazakh carpets are characterised by original composition and predominance of a central medallion on the monotone field background, with a geometrical ornamental pattern, and a focus on a schematic presentation of the totemic beats and animals. Carpets have great strength, are average in size, with low weaving densities, between 60 000 and 120 000 knots per m2, and high pile 6-12 mm; prayer rugs numerous.

The samples of Gazakh carpets.
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Gazakh group.
"Gazakh". I variant

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Gazakh group.
"Gazakh". II variant

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Gazakh group.
 "Gazakh". III variant

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Gazakh group.
"Gazakh". IV variant

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Gazakh group.
 "Gazakh". V variant

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Gazakh group.
 "Gazakh"

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Gazakh group.
"Salahli"

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Gazakh group.
 "Salahli"

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Gazakh group.
"Shixli" I variant.

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Gazakh group.
"Shixli" II variant.

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Gazakh group.
"Shixli" III variant.

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Gazakh group.
"Kemerli"

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Gazakh group.
"Demirchiler"

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Gazakh group.
 "Gaymaqly"

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Gazakh group.
"Geychely"

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Gazakh group.
"Dagkesemen" I variant.

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Gazakh group.
"Dagkesemen" II variant.

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Gazakh group.
"Oysuzly"

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Gazakh group.
"Gachagan"

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Gazakh group.
 "Borchali"

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