Men know that you are mine by birth:
My nest,  my refuge,  and my hearth,
My mother,  native land,  dear earth!
Sever soul and body??  Death but can.
O Azerbaijan,  my Azerbaijan!
Samad Vurgun

  Window to Gazakh

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General Background

Geographic Location - Gazakh district is located on the north-west of Azerbaijan. It shares borders with two states - Georgia (9 km) and Armenia (168 km), as well as Agstafa district of Azerbaijan.

Total area - 701 sq km.

Population - 85 900 (in 2007) people. 99.8% of the population are Azerbaijanis. 24% live in urban and 76% in rural areas. The district has been hosting about 7,000 displaced people forced to leave their homes as a result of aggression by Armenia.

Cities and towns - 1 city (Gazakh) and the following villages: Khanliglar, Aghkoynek, Garapapag, Dash Salahli, Chayli, Kommuna, Urkmezli, Ashaghi Salahli, Orta Salahli, Yukhary Salahli, Demirchiler, Alpout, Abbasbeyli, Demirchiler, Omaraghaly, Kosalar, Gazakhbeyli, Aslanbeyli, Gaymagly, Kemerli, Shikhli 1, Shikhli 2, Ashaghi Askipara, Yukhary Askipara, Heyrimli, Baganis Ayrum, Qizilhajili, Barkhudarli, Sofulu, Gushchu Ayrum, Mazam, Farahli, Jafarli, Bala Jafarli.
The villages Ashaghi Askipara, Yukhary Askipara, Barkhudarli, Sofulu, Heyrimli, Baganis Ayrum, Gushchu Ayrum, Qizilhajili are currently under Armenian occupation.

Center of the District - City of Gazakh (41.10° N, 45.35° E). It received the city status in 1909. Population - 21 700 (2003). Located at the intersection of Baku-Tbilisi and Agstafa-Yerevan highways on both banks of the river Agstafachay. Distance from Baku - 464 km.

Nature - the territory is mainly flat, with the mountain area of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains (300-800 m above sea level) on the south and south-west of the district. Steppe Garayazy stretches on the north. Along the territory of the area, there are flowing rivers like Kura, Chogaz, Agstafachay, Khramchay and Injasu. The riparian forests are located along river Kura. There is a picturesque grotto with famous spring Damjily on the slopes Avey mountain.

Natural resources - there are reserves of marble, building stone, limestone, raw materials for cement, clay, sand and lead.

The climate - is characterized by mild winters and hot summers. Temperature in January ranged between 0 - 5 C°, in July – from 20°C till +30°C. The annual precipitation is 350-700 mm.

The economy - the foundation of the economy is agriculture and animal husbandry. The area is known for the local dilboz breed of horses. There are also the enterprises of processing industry, such as cannery, wine making, meat.

Telephone code - 279

Postcode - AZ1035