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Dilboz Horse

Due to the natural and geographical conditions horse-breeding has been developed in Azerbaijan since the ancient times and currently there are more than 65 thousand of these horses in Azerbaijan. 2 out of about 160 known in the world breeds of horses appeared in our country. They are Karabakh and Gazakh (Dilboz) breeds.

Gazakh horse was originally developed in Gazakh region but it also spread into the west of Azerbaijan and adjacent areas of Georgia and Armenia. Gazakh horse is also known as Dilboz (Deliboz, Daliboz).

The Dilboz goes back to the local breed, whom have almost completely been displaced. From XVIII centuries Dilboz was refined with Arabians and Tersk stallions and later with Karabakh breed. The important role in the development of this breed played by several generations of breeders from the Dilbazi and Zulgadarli families from Gazakh's village Khanliglar. More than 300 years ago they were engaged in breeding of pedigree horses. The Dilboz horse nicknamed Uzelok from theirs stables won the highest award at the All-Russia Exhibition in 1867. In the middle of the XIX century in the Gazakh area, there were approximately 25,000 horses. Great damage to the livestock had suffered during the First and Second World Wars, when thousands of horses were mobilized to the front.

Now Dilboz horses spread across the west and north of Azerbaijan (Gazakh, Agstafa, Tovuz, Gedabey, Shamkir, Dashkesan, Sheki, Ismayilli, Oguz, Gabala, in the mountainous part Karabakh), as well as in the northern part of Iran (South Azerbaijan), Georgia and Dagestan. In Azerbaijan the breed is used mainly for pastoral work and there are about 10 thousand Dilboz horses here. The stud "Dashyuz" in Sheki and stud "Dilboz" in Agstafa own the most typical Dilboz horses.

Dilboz horses differ from others by a clean, short head with a broad forehead and narrow nose, a compact heavy neck, a ribbed massive body with a good top line and an even, long back and loin. Legs are clean and well proportioned and the cannon bone girth is larger than that of other horses. Dilboz is characterized by unstable temperament and predominantly rack (or pace) gait. They are unbalanced and are very powerful. A typical feature is a peculiar lengthwise fold on the tongue giving the impression of a forked tongue. Average withers height is 152 cm, chest girth 172 cm and cannon bone girth 19.4. They travel the mountains for 45-55 miles per day with a cargo of 115-130 kilograms. They are excellent riding and racing horses and in races are just as fast as Karabakh horses. The core of the population at the time of the race are descendants of the stallion Tersk Tselostat and Pygmalion.

Dilboz breed is a national treasure of Azerbaijan and our breeders are doing a lot to preserve, improve and further develop the breeding quality of these horses.