Men know that you are mine by birth:
My nest,  my refuge,  and my hearth,
My mother,  native land,  dear earth!
Sever soul and body??  Death but can.
O Azerbaijan,  my Azerbaijan!
Samad Vurgun

  Window to Gazakh

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Archaeological settlement Saritepe

This hill-shaped old dwelling place is located in the yard of a brick factory in the west edge of Gazakh city. An archaeological expedition by History Institute excavated the area in 1956-58.

The remains of different buildings uncovered in Saritepe are of special importance. The majority of the buildings are made of river stones fastened with the solution of clay and chaff. The remains of two big constructions being architecturally related were also found during the excavations. According to the arrangement of one of the remaining buildings, it is a hall. Two platforms for stone columns are found in the hall. The platforms are made of local limestone and have 84 sm in diameter.

These column platforms can be considered unique for the entire Caucasus. With many of their features, they remind the architectural monuments of of old Iran's Suz and Persepolis towns. The Saritape column platforms can date from the 5th-4th centuries BC, given their resemblance to the Middle East analogies.

Home and household things (pots, cans, plates, etc) were also found in Saritepe. Many have geometric ornament on them. The earthenware found here includes clayey animal heads and stamps as well. Various type of swastika are drawn on the stamps working sides. Comparative analysis of the Saritepe archaeological materials shows that the territory was inhabited in the 1st millennium BC.